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*Careful driving requires appropriate reaction time, both simple and complex. Braking, and then shifting gears, followed by signaling, and then hitting the horn are examples of ______________ reaction time and are usually required in most driving situations.

Question: Careful driving requires appropriate reaction time, both simple and complex. Braking, and then shifting gears, followed by signaling, and then hitting the horn are examples of ______________ reaction time and are usually required in most driving situations.
A.) Complex
B.) Simple and complex
C.) Simple
D.) All of these answers are correct


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Complex

Explanation: Simple reaction time Vs Complex reaction time:
1. Simple reaction time involves one action after receiving one stimulus. Simple reaction time constitutes a person's reaction to a stimulus. Example: In using the reaction time testing device, a person is told to move his foot from the accelerator pedal to the brake pedal when he sees a red light.
2. Complex reaction time consists of the driver's following reactions Seeing the situation, understanding the problem, determining appropriate action and beginning the action necessary to avoid hitting someone and to control the car. This involves selecting a specific and correct response from several choices when presented with several different stimuli. The amount of time required for a person to react will be appreciably lengthened by fatigue, alcohol, barbiturates, distractions and drowsiness. Example: Having to brake, shift gears, signal and hit the horn in a correct order.


Question: In an emergency situation, the total distance in which you will be able to bring your car to a stop includes the __________
A.) reaction time.
B.) braking distance
C.) both A & B
D.) none of the above

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both A & B


Question: In an emergency situation, such as a runaway engine or a jammed gas pedal, turning the ignition switch to lock will __________
A.) allow you to safely stop the car.
B.) lock your steering wheel preventing your ability to steer.
C.) is the safest choice to end the emergency.
D.) none of the above

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lock your steering wheel preventing your ability to steer.


Question: This is the distance your vehicle travels from the time your eyes see a hazard until your brain recognizes the hazard.
A.) Perception distance
B.) Reaction distance
C.) Braking distance
D.) Total stopping distance

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Perception distance


Question: Perception distance plus reaction distance plus braking distance is called:
A.) Braking distance
B.) Reaction distance
C.) Perception distance
D.) Total stopping distance

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Total stopping distance


Question: The distance you travel from seeing the danger to putting your foot on the brake pedal is known as:
A.) Reaction distance
B.) Displaced distance
C.) Lost distance
D.) Delayed distance

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Reaction distance


Question: This is the distance traveled from the time your brain tells your foot to move from the accelerator until your foot is actually pushing the brake pedal.
A.) Braking distance
B.) Perception distance
C.) Reaction distance
D.) Total stopping distance

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Reaction distance


Question: In an emergency situation, your __________ is the distance you will travel after putting your foot on the brake.
A.) Displaced distance
B.) Braking Distance
C.) Lost distance
D.) Delayed distance

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Braking Distance


Question: 2. In an emergency situation, your __________ is the distance you will travel after putting your foot on the brake.
A.) total stopping distance
B.) braking distance
C.) reaction distance
D.) none of the above

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braking distance


Question: Your total stopping distance includes ___________
A.) the distance traveled in feet before your foot hits the brake.
B.) the total distance required to bring your car to a full stop.
C.) Both A and B

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Both A and B


Question: Reaction time is ______ with each drink; time that makes the difference between a crash and avoiding a crash.
Reaction time is _____ with each drink.
A.) Decreased
B.) Increased
C.) Stays the same

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Decreased


Question: __________ reaction time is a stimulus response.
Blank reaction time is a stimulus response permit test.
What kind of reaction time is a stimulus response?
What type of reaction time is a stimulus response?
A.) Instant
B.) Simple
C.) Complex
D.) Automatic

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Simple


Question: Simple reaction time is a stimulus response.
Instant reaction time is a stimulus response.
Automatic reaction time is a stimulus response.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE


Question: Complex reaction time is a stimulus response.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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FALSE


Question: ________ reaction time involves selecting a specific and correct response from several choices when presented with several different stimuli.
A.) Complex
B.) Standard
C.) Simple
D.) Visual

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Complex


Question: Driving a motor vehicle often requires __________ reaction time.
A.) Visual
B.) Complex
C.) Standard
D.) Simple

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Standard


Question: The average human reaction time is 3/4 of a second.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE


Question: The reaction time in a laboratory setting is __________ second.
A.) 1/4
B.) 1/2
C.) 3/4
D.) 1

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3/4
Brakes
Your car must have two braking systems. Each must be able to stop the car alone. The parking or emergency brake should be strong enough to hold the car on any hill.
NOTE: Reaction times in laboratories are 3/4 of a second. In the driving environment, your reaction time would be closer to 1.5 seconds and the distance you would travel at 50 mph would be 110 feet. To this must be added a REACTION DISTANCE, which is the distance you travel from seeing the danger to putting your foot on the brake pedal. Since 3/4 of a second is the average reaction time, a motorist will travel 11 feet for each 10 MPH of speed before hitting the brake.


Question: In the driving environment, your reaction time would about __________ seconds.
A.) 3
B.) 2.5
C.) 2
D.) 1.5

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1.5


Question: Most drivers have a reaction time of ______.
A.) 1.5 seconds
B.) 3 minutes
C.) 5 seconds

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5 seconds


Question: Even with no alcohol in the driver's system, __________ can be affected.
A.) Risk
B.) Night vision
C.) Reaction time
D.) Decision-making

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Night vision
HINT: Alcohol can affect (reaction time) ability to see and understand a situation and slows down reaction time by 15-25%, resulting in crashes and accidents which could have been avoided if no alcohol was in the system.


Question: Reaction distance variables consist of your ______ condition.
A.) Physical
B.) Emotional
C.) Both
D.) Neither

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Both

*99.1% of all collisions are due to operator error.

Question: 99.1% of all collisions are due to operator error.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE


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TRUE


Question: What is the difference in meaning between a crash and an accident?
A.) There is no difference. It is just a technical term.
B.) Crashes cause vehicle insurance rates to go up. Accident damages don’t.
C.) An accident is something that is unavoidable. Crashes caused by poor driving are avoidable.
D.) Accidents happen when a driver is not paying close attention to traffic

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An accident/A collision is something that is unavoidable. Crashes caused by poor driving are avoidable.


Question: In more than ______ of traffic collisions human error is the cause.
A.) 60%
B.) 70%
C.) 80%
D.) 0%

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90%


Question: Most collisions are caused by __________
A.) drivers falling asleep at the wheel.
B.) road Rage.
C.) driver’s attitude.

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driver’s attitude.
HINT: Attitude plays a big role in whether or not a driver gets into a collision. Many collisions are caused or exacerbated by a poor attitude on the part of one or more of the drivers involved in the crash.


Question: ___________ may be the most important factor in collisions.
A.) Speed
B.) Brakes
C.) Speakers

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Speed


Question: Collisions tend to happen when one driver is going faster or slower than other cars on the road.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE


Question: Great speed increases the probability of injury in a crash.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE


Question: Drivers who get more tickets are involved in __________crashes.
A.) more
B.) no
C.) less

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more


Question: Collisions on city streets are largely at intersections because of lane changing, running or jumping lights.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE


Question: Chances are, if you are involved in a crash, it will happen __________
A.) Chances are, if you are involved in a crash, it will happen:
B.) On a long trip / during a long trip.
C.) In the vicinity of your home / close to home.
D.) During the Day / during the day.

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In the vicinity of your home / close to home.


Question: More crashes happen __________ than any other place.
A.) in parking lots
B.) at railroad crossings
C.) at intersections
D.) on expressways

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at intersections


Question: In what types of weather do most car collisions occur?
A.) Hot
B.) Cloudy
C.) Rainy
D.) Windy

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Rainy
HINT: Most crashes/fatal collisions occur in adverse weather (i.e., rain, sleet, snow, fog, severe crosswinds, or blowing snow/sand/debris) or on slick pavement (i.e., wet pavement, snowy/slushy pavement, or icy pavement). The vast majority of most weather-related crashes happen on wet pavement and during rainfall.


Question: Many drivers get into collisions because they do not realize the risk involved in any given driving situations.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE


Question: Coping with the result of the crash can be particularly difficult during the recoil phase, when drivers realize what they did or did not do.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE


Question: Collisions do not just happen by chance; they are a consequence of ______ driving practices.
A.) Unsafe
B.) Safe
C.) Both
D.) Neither

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Unsafe


Question: _______ account for an abnormally large amount of pedestrian deaths.
A.) Elderly people
B.) Babies
C.) Teenagers

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Elderly people


Question: Older drivers with a lot of driving experience are usually not at risk for a crash if they drink a small amount and drive.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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FALSE


Question: True or False: Time of day is also a factor that increases everyone’s risk.
True or False: Time of day is also a factor that increases everyone's risk.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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TRUE


Question: Drivers who run red lights do not endanger other drivers.
A.) TRUE
B.) FALSE

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FALSE

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